Types of Dance

Types of Ballroom Dance

Ballroom dance is enjoyed socially and in dance competitions, and is often referred to as “partnership dancing”, because it is a type of dance that requires a dance partner. Ballroom dance originated in the 16th century from dances held in the royal courts, and from folk dances of the era (for example, the Waltz began as an 18th century Austrian folk dance).

Two Styles of Ballroom Dance
The International Style of ballroom dance began in England in the early 1800s and became popular throughout the rest of the world by the 19th century, mainly through the music of Josef and Johann Strauss. International Style is categorized into two distinct sub-styles: Standard (or “Ballroom”), and Latin, and is typically used more in the competitive dance circuit. Here in the United States, ballroom dance adapted into the American Style between 1910 – 1930, mainly due to the influence of American jazz music, a more social approach to dancing and the iconic dance and choreography talents of Mr. Fred Astaire. Over the years, American Style expanded to include dances such as Mambo, Salsa and West Coast Swing, driven by the constant development of music around the world. The American Style of ballroom dance is categorized into two distinct sub-styles: Rhythm and Smooth, and is used in both social and competitive ballroom dance arenas.

The Differences Between International & American Styles
International Style is the classic “old school” style of Ballroom. In International Standard, dance partners must remain in a closed dance position continually (meaning they stand in front of each other, in body contact throughout the dance). American Smooth is similar to its counterpart from overseas, but does allow the dancers to separate (called “open position”) in their dance frame. In the beginning stages of training, International Style is more disciplined than American Style (which typically starts first as a social Hobby, then progresses to Sport). American Style can also include “Exhibition” solo work which allows the couple more freedom in their choreography. Both styles can be very technical and include a high level of proficiency requirements, but there is more freedom in the American Style when it comes to closed figures, where the International Style is more strict with fewer figures offered. In the world of ballroom dance competition, there are also differences between the gowns or dresses worn for American versus International Styles. Because dance partners stay in closed position when dancing International, the ladies’ dresses often have floats coming from the tops which would not be conducive for American Style, which features both open & closed positions.

Getting YOUR Dance On
At Fred Astaire Dance Studios, we offer instruction in both styles – International and American, and then some! As a Fred Astaire dance student, you choose which dance style you’d like to learn first based on what’s most appealing to you, and your individual dance goals. For example, people interested in high-energy lessons for improved physical health would likely choose a different style than couples looking for an elegant First Dance for their wedding. No matter your age, your ability level or whether you’re planning to take lessons with a dance partner or on your own – you have come to the right place.

To learn more about each type of ballroom dance and view a demonstration video, simply click on the links to the right. Then give us a call at Fred Astaire Dance Studios, and be sure to ask about our money-saving introductory offer for new students. Together, we’ll get you started on your personal dance journey!

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